If you are a holder of an ordinary passport and looking to get a short-term Russian visa such as a Tourist, Private, Student, Business, Humanitarian, Transit or Work, you need to apply at the Russian Visa Application Centre, not at the Consulate. This does not apply to those holding diplomatic and service passports.
The first thing to do is check the requirements for your visa type. You can do it on the web site of the Visa Centre. If you reside in the UK, for example, you need to go to ru.vfsglobal.co.uk.
When all the necessary documents are collected, you can fill out the visa application form. Please remember that the form can only be completed on line, handwritten forms are not accepted. We strongly recommend you to copy and save your log in and password details when you will be doing the form in case you want to amend some details later.
The purpose section, travel dates and inviting organisation details on the application form must be completed in accordance with the details on your invitation or tourist voucher. For example, you may be travelling to Russia for 5 days but your invite can be issued for, say 30 days, so you must enter your dates of entry and exit as they appear in your invite. Russian Visa Online
When it comes to the question regarding the countries you have visited in the last ten years, you can mention only those countries which stamped your passport on arrival/departure. Also, you can mention only your last visit to a country where you travelled a few times, you do not have to list all years when you visited the same country unless it is Russia.
In the previous employment and education sections you do not have to enter the exact address, a town (city) and country will suffice. If you do not remember the phone numbers of those organisations, you can put “00000000000”. In case you have not studied or worked anywhere, you will have to provide an additional letter confirming that. The letter must be addressed to the Russian Embassy and can be written in free format.
After completing the form you need to print it out, put the date and sign it. You can usually apply either in person, by post or through an agency but if you are going to Russia to work, you must apply in person at the Visa Centre either in London or Edinburgh.
When your application is accepted, you will be given a receipt which must be kept in order to collect your passport when the visa is ready. You can track your application on line using the Receipt Number and your date of birth. The information on the tracking can be found on the above mentioned web site or obtained at the counter in the Visa Centre.